Footnote 230

Simon J. Nadel, Diversity: Workplace Arrangment [sic] in White and Black: Race Relations Affect Productivity, Litigation, 16 Empl. Discrim. Rep. (BNA) 666 (May 9, 2001) (quoting Kevin Sack & Janet Elder, Poll Finds Optimistic Outlook But Enduring Racial Division, N.Y. Times, July 11, 2000, at A1). An earlier Gallup Poll asked if blacks were treated less fairly on the job than whites: 45% of black respondents, but only 14% of white ones, answered affirmatively. The Gallup Org., Black/White Relations in the United States (June 10, 1997).