Footnote 5

Until recently, this was true of New York's Civilian Complaint Review Board (CCRB), my focus in this essay. See p. 1 of "Five years of civilian review: A mandate unfulfilled, July 5, 1993-July 5, 1998," a special report of the New York Civil Liberties Union, 15 November, 1998. In the remainder of this essay, I shall refer to this report as NYCLU Special Report.